The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established in April 2013 to support political processes that included implementation of ceasefire agreements, delivery of humanitarian assistance, and maintenance of security during a fragile transition to constitutional order.

The decade-long operation officially ended on June 30, 2023, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 2690. On July 1, a withdrawn plan was initiated to ensure an efficient transfer of tasks to the Malian government by the end of 2023.

At its peak, MINUSMA was one of the largest multidimensional peacekeeping operations, with nearly 13,000 soldiers, 1,800 police officers, and 750 civilians from 57 contributing countries. While the mandate was ambitious and made extraordinary strides in support of a more stable nation, internal political challenges strained operations. At the same time, because UN peacekeeping operations are only provided at the request and support of a host country, Mali’s stated intent to manage its own security compelled an end to the mission.

Programs of the United Nations, including the World Food Programme, UNICEF, WHO, and UNDP, will continue to provide essential, life-saving support to the Malian people during and beyond the departure of MINUSMA. The U.S. and other Member States also remain deeply engaged in both political and humanitarian affairs to bolster human rights, strengthen democratic institutions, and build safer, healthier communities across the country.

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Assessing the Effectiveness of MINUSMA

Mali family

2021 Field Account of Conditions in Mali