Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)

Currently in Cote d'Ivoire

Troops

5,259

Military Observers

174

Police Officers

1,480

Mission Mandate

In 2004, the Security Council authorized the UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) to help implement the 2003 ceasefire agreement signed by the warring factions of Côte d’Ivoire. The mission works to disarm combatants, facilitate free and fair elections, and ensure access to humanitarian aid. After successful elections in October 2015 and progress in the country’s reunification, UNOCI will continue to operate to maintain the peace and support the new government.

BACKGROUND

Côte d’Ivoire, Force commannder General BERENA visit to golf hotel after the attack of pro GBAGBO forces where the elected president Allassane OUTTARA is headquarted and proted by UNUCI's forces .a former French colony, had one of the most developed economies in West Africa until late 1999, when a coup and subsequent failed elections plunged the nation into civil war.
The beginning of 2003 saw the first attempt at reunification, when the country’s opposing political factions signed the French-brokered Linas-Marcoussis Accord (LMA), agreeing to a power-sharing government.  An “End of War” declaration was signed, which recognized then-President Laurent Gbagbo’s authority and committed to focus on a program of disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, reintegration, and resettlement (DDRRR) of former combatants.

Relative stability followed until 2010, when presidential elections, which had been postponed repeatedly since 2005, were finally scheduled to take place.  Following a run-off in November between the top two vote-getters—incumbent President Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara—Mr. Ouattara was certified as the winner by the UN, which helped facilitate the electoral process. However, Mr. Gbagbo refused to relinquish power, and launched a violent campaign against supporters of Mr. Ouattara. During the four-month crisis that followed, nearly 1 million people were displaced from their homes and 3,000 killed, mostly civilians. The political impasse ended with the arrest of Mr. Gbagbo, supported by UN and French forces, and the inauguration of Mr. Ouattara as President on May 21, 2011.

During a routine patrol in 2012, an unidentified militia attacked and killed 7 UN peacekeepers and 8 civilians. This outburst sent thousands fleeing, mostly into neighboring Liberia.  UNOCI and the UN Mission in Liberia cooperated to manage the security of the border. Despite this incident, however, and the overall fragility of the security and political situation in Côte d’Ivoire, the country has experienced some important gains in stability and economic recovery since 2011. In elections held in October 2015, Mr. Ouattara was reelected President.

How This Affects U.S. Interests