Darfur (UNAMID)

Troops

11,521

Police Officers

2,662

Civilian Personnel

3,004

Mission Mandate

On July 31, 2007, UNAMID was established to address the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, Sudan. The mission works to mediate and address local conflicts, protect civilians, and support humanitarian assistance. The mandate was extended until June 2018 to place greater emphasis on protecting civilians, facilitating humanitarian assistance and mediating peace between the Government of Sudan and non-signatories to the 2011 Doha Document for Peace in Darfur.

Background

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A civil war erupted in Darfur in 2003 between the Government of Sudan and its allied militia, and other armed rebel groups. Opposition groups led by The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the separate Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) began attacking Northern Khartoum’s government targets, accusing them of ethnic and political marginalization of the People of Darfur. The Sudanese government responded to the actions of the rebels by unleashing Arab militias known as Janjaweed, which began a prolonged and violent campaign known as the Darfur Genocide.

UNAMID coverIn 2006, the government of Sudan and one faction of the Darfur rebel groups negotiated the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA), but to limited success. The continued violence and deteriorating humanitarian situation prompted the U.N. to act and establish UNAMID in 2007. In 2011, progress towards stability was attempted with Doha Document, a peace deal signed by the Sudanese government and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM), however, this was still interrupted by periods of hostilities.

Darfuris today continue to face numerous problems, which cannot be resolved until peace is established in Darfur. Up to 300,000 people have died and more than 3.3 million people have been forced to flee their homes since the start of the conflict, where many atrocities continue to be committed against men, women, and children. However, improvements have occurred regionally due to UNAMID’s success, causing the Security Council to extend the mission’s mandate for another year in 2017.

How This Affects U.S. Interests

RT @ONUinfo: « L’espoir est permis » en République centrafricaine🇨🇫, souligne @parfait_onanga. Pour le chef de la MINUSCA (@UN_CAR), la lut…

Aujourd'hui, séance du Conseil de sécurité sur la situation au #Mali🇲🇱 avec le chef des Opérations de maintien de la paix, @Lacroix_UN. #UNSC Vous pouvez regarder l'enregistrement de sa déclaration sur @UNWebTV 📺 https://t.co/2Uoai0zBFK

Today, briefing on the situation in #Mali🇲🇱 at the @UN Security Council #UNSC by the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, @Lacroix_UN. You can watch the recording of his statement on @UNWebTV 📺 https://t.co/2Uoai0zBFK