Darfur (UNAMID)

Background

In 2003, a civil war broke out in Sudan, leading to the deaths of thousands of Darfuris and the displacement of nearly two million during what is known as the Darfur Genocide. Although a peace agreement was reached in 2006, it had limited success marked by continued violence and a deteriorating humanitarian situation, which prompted the UN to establish UNAMID in 2007.

Despite the signing of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur in 2015, the situation remains fragile. Today, the mission still works to mediate and address local conflicts, protect civilians, and support humanitarian assistance.

How UNAMID Supports U.S. Interests

Fosters security

UNAMID helps foster security by training and educating local police forces, as well as implementing Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) programs.

Supports humanitarian assistance

UNAMID continues to monitor, secure, and coordinate the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Darfur. This includes assisting the World Food Programme and UNICEF with the delivery of vital food and supplies to the people.

Monitors human rights violations

The Sudanese people have been victims of grave human rights abuses for many years. UNAMID monitors, investigate early warnings, and reports on human rights violations, sexual gender-based violence, and abuses. UNAMID has also worked on innovative solutions to address sexual violence in Darfur, including workshops to prevent and address sexual violence, re-routing patrols to secure areas with high incidences of rape, and escorting women in IDP camps.

Budget

While the U.S. is the largest single contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget at 28% or $2.1 billion of the total budget, other UN member states pay the vast majority of costs and contribute 99% of the nearly 100,000 troops. Provided below is a breakdown of the cost of each mission and the U.S. contribution to UNAMID.

Resources

As part of the local #COVID19 response, @unmissmedia joined local groups to launch a public awareness campaign to combat the virus in South Sudan🇸🇸. Preventative messages in local languages have been strategically placed throughout the area. #A4P https://t.co/l4vVvrartn https://t.co/xXILIr9BTz

Action for Peacekeeping is a renewed commitment to peacekeeping operations - helping countries achieve lasting peace, supporting political processes, protecting civilians and helping guarantee cease fires. 🔍Learn more about #A4P: https://t.co/j9175AjWlV https://t.co/bkpUJoLju7

Despite the challenges of #COVID19, @MONUSCO continues to carry out key disarmament, demobilization and reintegration activities in the D.R. Congo🇨🇩. Peacekeepers recently oversaw the surrender of several weapons from armed groups in the region. #A4P @UN_OROLSI https://t.co/DAoVZd0TkW

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