Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO)

Background

Following an earlier mission in the country, persistent violence caused the Security Council to authorize an extension of that force, known as the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). The mission was established to protect civilians from violence, facilitate humanitarian access, and disarm, demobilize, and reintegrate former combatants back into society. The Security Council has altered the mandate in the following years, including creating a “Force Intervention Brigade,” the first of its kind for a UN peacekeeping mission, which carries out targeted offensive operations to neutralize and disarm armed groups in Eastern Congo.

How MONUSCO Supports U.S. Interests

Strengthens the rule of law

MONUSCO regularly trains police, corrections officers, and members of the judiciary to strengthen the rule of law and counter impunity. The mission supports mobile courts to increase access to justice in remote areas, and provides technical support to the military and civilian justice systems.

Facilitates humanitarian assistance

Millions of people throughout the DRC—particularly in the country’s eastern provinces—are facing acute humanitarian challenges. More than 1.5 million Congolese are internally displaced, 3.6 million are estimated to be food insecure within the country, and overall, more than 7.5 million are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. MONUSCO works with the government, humanitarian actors, and the DRC police force to facilitate humanitarian assistance to displaced populations.

Protects civilians

MONUSCO’s Force Intervention Brigade has supported targeted offensive operations against armed groups in eastern Congo—including a successful campaign against the M23—in order to protect civilians and promote stability in the region. MONUSCO has also established community alert networks and local protection committees in conflict-affected areas. The networks and committees help protect civilians from risk through cooperation with local security services, local authorities, and civil society.

Budget

While the U.S. is the largest single contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget at 28% or $1.8 billion of the total budget, other UN member states pay the vast majority of costs and contribute 99% of the nearly 90,000 troops. Provided below is a breakdown of the cost of each mission and the U.S. contribution to MONUSCO.

Resources

Over the years, the # of women in 🔑leadership roles has ⬆️but we’re still far from reaching gender parity. 👩must not just be consulted but heard, not just invited but included & not just engaged but their rights & justice ensured. #WomenPeaceSecurity https://t.co/TopClQ2d7a

Peacekeeping missions help reassure civilians of their presence through patrols and promote safety and security in the areas where they serve. Here, a @MONUSCO convoy provides armed escort to civilian vehicles to prevent and repel attacks between North Kivu and Ituri. https://t.co/ErnQty29ym

Youth are Brave👏Passionate👏Bold👏and essential actors of peace👏 Promoting the participation of youth both in peacekeeping and within the societies in which they serve is a core component of our overall approach. #youthpeacesecurity More ➡️https://t.co/0WGftFiIzn https://t.co/cB6rkXVe6J