Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO)

Background

Following an earlier mission in the country, persistent violence caused the Security Council to authorize an extension of that force, known as the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). The mission was established to protect civilians from violence, facilitate humanitarian access, and disarm, demobilize, and reintegrate former combatants back into society. The Security Council has altered the mandate in the following years, including creating a “Force Intervention Brigade,” the first of its kind for a UN peacekeeping mission, which carries out targeted offensive operations to neutralize and disarm armed groups in Eastern Congo.

How MONUSCO Supports U.S. Interests

Strengthens the rule of law

MONUSCO regularly trains police, corrections officers, and members of the judiciary to strengthen the rule of law and counter impunity. The mission supports mobile courts to increase access to justice in remote areas, and provides technical support to the military and civilian justice systems.

Facilitates humanitarian assistance

Millions of people throughout the DRC—particularly in the country’s eastern provinces—are facing acute humanitarian challenges. More than 1.5 million Congolese are internally displaced, 3.6 million are estimated to be food insecure within the country, and overall, more than 7.5 million are currently in need of humanitarian assistance. MONUSCO works with the government, humanitarian actors, and the DRC police force to facilitate humanitarian assistance to displaced populations.

Protects civilians

MONUSCO’s Force Intervention Brigade has supported targeted offensive operations against armed groups in eastern Congo—including a successful campaign against the M23—in order to protect civilians and promote stability in the region. MONUSCO has also established community alert networks and local protection committees in conflict-affected areas. The networks and committees help protect civilians from risk through cooperation with local security services, local authorities, and civil society.

Budget

While the U.S. is the largest single contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget at 28% or $2.1 billion of the total budget, other UN member states pay the vast majority of costs and contribute 99% of the nearly 100,000 troops. Provided below is a breakdown of the cost of each mission and the U.S. contribution to MONUSCO.

Resources

Getting supplies to remote locations or evacuating sick or wounded personnel, especially amid #COVID19, can present a real challenge for peacekeeping. Here, @UN_MINUSMA peacekeepers carry out a medical evacuation in Mali 🇲🇱 while taking the necessary precautions. #A4P https://t.co/rtkBfeSgbi

Why #SocialDistancing matters, especially in prisons: 📝 #COVID19 spreads primarily through small droplets from the nose or mouth 📝 Because these droplets are heavy, they don’t travel far and quickly sink to the ground More info from @WHO: https://t.co/llGkFYj7Xt https://t.co/AAY5sSeNXK

As part of the local #COVID19 response, @unmissmedia joined local groups to launch a public awareness campaign to combat the virus in South Sudan🇸🇸. Preventative messages in local languages have been strategically placed throughout the area. #A4P https://t.co/l4vVvrartn https://t.co/xXILIr9BTz

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