Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president in 2000, although many dismissed the election as flawed and refused to accept the results of the election. Consequently, a rebellion broke out in 2004 and Aristide was forced to leave Haiti. An interim government, assumed by Boniface Alexandre, took over until new elections could be held. In February 2006, a former President, René Préval, was re-elected, and corruption and violence continued to take place.
Thereafter, a catastrophic earthquake hit Haiti in 2010 with devastating effects, leaving more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million displaced. Presidential elections planned that year were postponed, and in April 2011, Michel Martelly was elected president by a landslide victory. In October 2015, the first round of elections were held to renew the executive, legislative, and local leadership of the country. As no candidate received a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff was held on December 27, 2015. However, in February 2016, President Martelly stepped down without naming a successor. Former head of Parliament Jocelerme Privert stepped in as the interim president. In November 2016, after much delay due to the ongoing political unrest in the country and the devastation to the island during Hurricane Matthew, Jovenel Moïse was elected president.
After a successful democratic election process, MINUSTAH began to pull back and prepare for the transition to MINUJUSTH. MINUSTAH assisted in the stabilization of Haiti during the unrest by professionalizing the Haitian National Police, supporting disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programs, and promoting human rights through collaboration with Haitian institutions and groups that promote and protect human rights.
The mission aims to help the government of Haiti strengthen rule-of-law institutions, further develop and support the Haitian National Police and engage in human rights monitoring, reporting and analysis. MINUJUSTH will comprise up to seven formed police units (FPUs), or 980 FPU personnel, and 295 individual police officers, for an initial six months, from October 16, 2017 until April 15, 2018.