Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president in 2000, although many dismissed the election as flawed and refused to accept the results of the election. Consequently, a rebellion broke out in 2004 and Aristide was forced to leave Haiti. An interim government, assumed by Boniface Alexandre, took over until new elections could be held. In February 2006 former President, René Préval, was re-elected, where corruption and violence continued to take place.
Since the earthquake, MINUSTAH has provided humanitarian assistance to more than 4.3 million Haitians and helped provide temporary shelter to 1.5 million people.
Thereafter, a catastrophic earthquake hit Haiti in 2010 with devastating effects, leaving more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million displaced. Presidential elections planned that year were postponed, and in April 2011, current President Michel Martelly, was elected president by a landslide victory. In October 2015, the first round of elections were held to renew the executive, legislative, and local leadership of the country, after much delay due to the conflict that continues to ensue in Haiti.