Kashmir (UNMOGIP)

Currently in Kashmir

Military Observers

44

International Civilian Personnel

25

Local Civilian Personnel

47

Mission Mandate

In 1948, the UN Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) was established, deploying unarmed military observers to mediate the dispute between the two countries. In 1949, UNCIP was absorbed into the UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) which supervises the ceasefire between India and Pakistan. Although India and Pakistan agreed on the “Line of Control” established in 1972, the UN has maintained UNMOGIP’s presence of unarmed military observers to supervise and report on the border.

Background

Peacekeepers from the "United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan" speak with the local population as visible representatives of the UN. Their mandate is clear that they are to be a neutral party in the India and Pakistan situation. Near Bhimber UN field Station, Azad, Kashmir, Pakistan, on Thursday, 19 October 2005

Peacekeepers from the “United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan” speak with the local population as visible representatives of the UN. Their mandate is clear that they are to be a neutral party in the India and Pakistan situation. Near Bhimber UN field Station, Azad, Kashmir, Pakistan, on Thursday, 19 October 2005

The region of Kashmir, situated on the borders of India and Pakistan, has been disputed by the two countries since they both became independent in 1947. Kashmir acceded to India, leading to an outbreak of violence that was ended by a ceasefire and the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force.

The UN mission expanded to become UNMOGIP, and it has supervised the State of Jammu and Kashmir ever since 1949. Hostilities in 1971 led to another ceasefire, mandated through Security Council Resolution 307.

The military in Pakistan continues to report sporadic complaints of cease fire violations to UNMOGIP, but the military in India has not lodged a complaint since 1972. Indian authorities have restricted UNMOGIP’s access, but continue to cooperate with the mission.

Kashmir continues to sustain periods of unrest, despite a ceasefire agreed to by both parties in November 2003, and elections in 2008 and 2014 offering a degree of political stability. Relations between India and Pakistan in the Kashmir region remain tense, most recently characterized by deadly protests in response to the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani in July 2016. Anti-India protests resulted in the deaths of over 50 Muslim protestors and the imposition of a media blackout and curfew, the latter of which is ongoing.

How This Affects U.S. Interests