KASHMIR (UNMOGIP)

Background

The region of Kashmir, situated on the borders of India and Pakistan, has been disputed by the two countries since they both became independent in 1947. Kashmir acceded to India, leading to an outbreak of violence that was ended by a ceasefire and the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force. The UN mission expanded to become the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), and it has supervised the State of Jammu and Kashmir ever since 1949.

Although they agreed on a “Line of Control” in 1972, India and Pakistan do not agree on UNMOGIP’s mandate. The mission can only be terminated by the Security Council and therefore has continued to observe the border and report any ceasefire violations.

UNMOGIP’s mandate is open-ended and does not require continuous renewal.

How the UNMOGIP Supports U.S. Interests

Although UNMOGIP is one of the older peacekeeping missions, its regional presence remains critical to the United States.

  • Enhances regional peace and security

    The proximity of India and Pakistan to Afghanistan and India’s emergence as a major global economic power means the U.S. has a compelling interest in supporting peaceful relations between the two countries. By promoting peace and security in Kashmir, the UN helps to reduce the potential for additional instability in the region.

  • Stabilizes nuclear powers

    Pakistan and India’s status as nuclear powers means that the possibility of armed conflict between them is an issue of legitimate concern for the international community as a whole. By monitoring and reporting on activities along the India-Pakistan border, the mission provides a neutral bulwark against increased tensions between the two states.

  • Promotes international dialogue and trade

    By maintaining a peaceful “Line of Control” border area, UNMOGIP plays a key role in encouraging not only dialogue, but enhanced commercial relations between the two countries as well. Commerce has helped to open discussions on non-tariff barriers, the imbalance of trade, and poor infrastructure.

Budget

The funding for UNMOGIP comes out of the regular UN budget, of which the U.S. pays a total of 22 percent. This assessment determines the U.S. share for UNMOGIP. Read more about how the UN is funded.

Total: $19,754,400

U.S. Share: $4,345,968

Resources

UNMOGIP Website

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Security Council Mandate 307

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Why Peacekeeping Matters

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