UN Peacekeeping

For over seven decades, UN peacekeeping has been one of the most important tools the UN has at its disposal for conflict mitigation and stabilization.

Helping countries navigate the difficult path from conflict to peace, peacekeeping has unique strengths, including legitimacy, burden sharing, and an ability to deploy and sustain troops and police from around the globe, integrating them with civilian peacekeepers to advance multidimensional mandates. 

Today’s peacekeeping operations are called upon not only to maintain peace and security, but also to facilitate the political process, protect civilians, assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; support democratic values such as organizing elections, protecting and promoting human rights and assisting in the creation and restoration of rule of law.

Here are some facts about UN Peacekeeping that everybody should know:

12 PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS

There are currently 12 UN peace operations deployed in 3 different regions: seven in Africa, three in the Middle East, two in Europe, and one in Asia.

90,000+ UN PEACEKEEPERS

UN Peacekeeping is made up of over 90,000 total field personnel, with 125 countries contributing troops, police, and civilian personnel including several dozen peacekeepers from the U.S.

U.S. AUTHORIZATION REQUIRED

As a veto-wielding member of the Security Council, no UN Peacekeeping operation can be authorized, deployed, or withdrawn without U.S. support.

8 TIMES MORE COST EFFECTIVE

According to two reports by the U.S. Government Accountability Office, it is 8x more cost effective for the U.S. to financially support a UN Peacekeeping mission than to deploy U.S. military forces.

Women IN PEACEKEEPING

Women make up 30% of civilian, 10% of police, and 3% of military peacekeepers. Currently, there are two women leading peacekeeping missions in the Middle East, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Make Your Impact

Help us make sure the U.S. continues to pay its bills to the UN Peacekeeping by sending a note to your Members of Congress today.

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Click on a blue dot below to learn about each UN peacekeeping mission and how their work supports the U.S. :

  • Select a Mission

    • Africa

      • WESTERN SAHARA (MINURSO)

        WESTERN SAHARA (MINURSO)

        MINURSO monitors the ceasefire between Morocco and the POLISARIO and works to reduce the threat of mines and unexploded ordnance.

        VIEW MISSION
      • SOUTH SUDAN (UNMISS)

        SOUTH SUDAN (UNMISS)

        UNMISS was established to promote security and to help establish conditions for development in South Sudan.

        VIEW MISSION
      • MALI (MINUSMA)

        MALI (MINUSMA)

        Established in 2013 to help stabilize Mali and assist the country’s return to constitutional order.

        VIEW MISSION
      • DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (MONUSCO)

        DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (MONUSCO)

        MONUSCO’s mandate includes the protection of civilians from violence, facilitating humanitarian access, and disarming, demobilizing, and reintegrating former combatants into society.

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      • DARFUR (UNAMID)

        DARFUR (UNAMID)

        On July 31, 2007, UNAMID was established to address the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, Sudan. The mission works to implement the Darfur Peace Agreement, protect civilians, and support humanitarian assistance.

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      • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (MINUSCA)

        CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (MINUSCA)

        MINUSCA’s aim is to protect civilians, prevent violence, and support the country’s fragile transitional government.

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      • ABYEI (UNISFA)

        ABYEI (UNISFA)

        UNISFA is a peacekeeping mission for the Abyei region on the border of Sudan and South Sudan.

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    • Asia

      • KASHMIR (UNMOGIP)

        KASHMIR (UNMOGIP)

        Although India and Pakistan agreed on the Line of Control established in 1972, the UN has maintained UNMOGIP’s presence of unarmed military observers to supervise and report on the border.

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      • AFGHANISTAN (UNAMA)

        AFGHANISTAN (UNAMA)

        UNAMA works to advance Afghanistan's political transition and stabilization process by facilitating democratic elections, supporting the reconciliation process, and assisting the state in issues of governance and regional cooperation.

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    • Europe

      • KOSOVO (UNMIK)

        KOSOVO (UNMIK)

        In 1999, the UN launched UNMIK to help establish a Kosovar government, with legitimate authority and capacity. Peacekeepers assist in the development of democratic institutions, coordinate humanitarian relief, and promote human rights.

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      • CYPRUS (UNFICYP)

        CYPRUS (UNFICYP)

        In 1964, the UN established UNFICYP to prevent fighting between the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities. The mission later expanded and took responsibility for monitoring a buffer zone, restoring law and order, and promoting confidence-building measures between the parties.

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    • The Middle East

      • MIDDLE EAST (UNTSO)

        MIDDLE EAST (UNTSO)

        UNTSO was created to mediate between Israel and its neighbors both during and after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

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      • LEBANON (UNIFIL)

        LEBANON (UNIFIL)

        UNIFIL was established in 1978 in response to violence on the border between Israel and Lebanon.

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      • IRAQ (UNAMI)

        IRAQ (UNAMI)

        As UN-led political mission, UNAMI coordinates the activities of various UN programs and agencies in Iraq.

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      • GOLAN HEIGHTS (UNDOF)

        GOLAN HEIGHTS (UNDOF)

        UNDOF was established to maintain the ceasefire between Syria and Israel, supervise the disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces and monitor the areas of separation.

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