Kosovo (UNMIK)

Background

Following the end of the brutal 1998-99 war between Kosovo and Serbia, United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) was launched to help establish a Kosovar government with legitimate authority and capacity. The original mandate was set out to disarm groups, maintain peaceful communities, and promote human rights. Once the national government was established and officially independent from Serbia, UNMIK transferred governmental authority over to Kosovo in 2008.

Today, UNMIK continues to deploy a small number of troops to maintain peace and facilitate an inclusive society for all ethnic groups.

How UNMIK Supports U.S. Interests

The U.S. has long-supported Kosovo’s independence, its sovereignty, and its integration with Europe and the broader international community.

Promotes regional stability

Given its key location in the Balkans region, a democratic, stable, and independent Kosovo is a force for regional stability.

Improves credibility

The U.S. has continued to push for international recognition of Kosovo and Kosovo’s membership in all relevant international organizations, including the UN.

Increases economic development

UNMIK is actively engaged in the promotion of economic development and stability, and over the years, Kosovo has demonstrated growth in the global market place. In 2009, Kosovo joined the IMF and the World Bank. The U.S. believes that it can be a valuable trading partner, having exported over millions of dollars worth of goods and services to Kosovo over the past decade.

Background

While the U.S. is the largest single contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget at 28% or $1.8 billion of the total budget, other UN member states pay the vast majority of costs and contribute 99% of the nearly 100,000 troops. Provided below is a breakdown of the cost of each mission and the U.S. contribution to UNMIK.

Resources

#DidYouKnow? 🤔 Since 1948, more than one million men and women have served as civilian, military or police personnel, for the cause of peace. 🕊 Have you served in a peacekeeping mission? Let us know in the comments! 👇 https://t.co/avLbM6HOkB

Refugee athletes like Anjelina, from South Sudan 🇸🇸, bring hope to millions. Join us in cheering for her and all the @RefugeesOlympic Team athletes who will compete at #Tokyo2020! 👏👏 https://t.co/mqrCnEmP3K

Spain’s 🇪🇸 generous contribution of troops to @UNIFIL_ has played an invaluable role in helping maintain stability in Lebanon. Spanish peacekeepers #ServingForPeace there continued carrying out their mandate even amid the challenges posed by #COVID19. 👏https://t.co/ZlDsxzMUTc https://t.co/oc5ibrkrfT