Although it is the world’s youngest country, South Sudan has been plagued by ongoing violence from the start. In July 2011, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) was established to support the new government, protect civilians, monitor and investigate human rights violations, support humanitarian assistance, and promote the implementation of the peace agreement.
SOUTH SUDAN (UNMISS)
How UNMISS Supports U.S. Interests
UNMISS works to provide stability to ensure the peace process can move forward. This is critical to address the needs of the humanitarian crises due to flooding, food crises and insecurity. Due to bipartisan support for South Sudan, the U.S. has invested billions in the country and supports the lifesaving work of the mission to support the people of South Sudan.
The mission has played an important role in promoting political stability in South Sudan, calling for a united government and assisting in peace negotiations. UNMISS has also worked at the local level to further inter-communal dialogue.
Peacekeepers have facilitated the distribution of food, water, and shelter across the country. UNMISS also helped in the organization of consultations and training courses on gender-based and sexual violence, and began HIV/AIDS capacity building, offering workshops and counseling to increase awareness.
Thousands of children have fought for various parties to the recent conflict in South Sudan. Despite the challenges, UNMISS, with support from UNICEF and humanitarian organizations, has succeeded in removing some children from armed groups and reintegrating them into their communities. The UNMISS Child Protection Unit and UNICEF have also helped spearhead the collection and dissemination of information on grave violations of children’s rights.
While the U.S. is the largest single contributor to the UN’s peacekeeping budget at 26.94 percent or $1.8 billion of the total budget, other UN member states pay the vast majority of costs and contribute 99 percent of the nearly 90,000 troops. Provided below is a breakdown of the cost of each mission and the U.S. contribution to UNMISS.